/etc/fstab (file system table) variations:
//CONST/stash /home/const/mnt/stash cifs username=const,password=secret,vers=2.0,gid=1000,uid=1000
Using a credentials file (
chmod 600 ~/.smbcredentials):
//CONST/stash /home/const/mnt/stash cifs credentials=/home/const/.smbcredentials,vers=2.0,gid=1000,uid=1000
Mount it with
How about from the command line?
mount -t cifs //CONST/stash /home/const/mnt/stash -o credentials=/home/const/.smbcredentials,vers=2.0,gid=1000,uid=1000
You can look at your mount points:
What happens to
/home/const/mnt/stash if the share is unavailable? It
goes back to being a local folder that you can use. You can change the
permissions on this folder to read only for your user, so you don’t
accidentally write data locally. Perhaps with
What happens if you mount on top of a folder that contains files and folders? Not much, except the local files and folders are hidden until the share is unmounted again. You can’t lose local files by mounting. See this.
There’s two set of permissions going on in the same folder: One when the share is mounted, and another when it isn’t. The permissions when it is unmounted do not particularily affect the mounting process, since the mounting process is done with root priveleges. This is why we have to set GID and UID manually, or else root gets all the permissons and your user account won’t be able to write anything. This concept used to be unintuitive and mysterious to me. Whenever something feels like that, I recommend reading read a few paragraphs from a book on the subject.
Recap recommended permissions:
- Unmounted -> Set to
- Mounted -> Set
gid=1000,uid=1000when mounting. Run
idto find your own UID and GID.
Another thing that is usually glossed over, is the fact that the
mounting program is refering to
If you do not know this, navigating
man mount can be frustrating. You
are also supposed to know that the manual for
mount -t cifs is found
Why? Check out some history from the UNIX and Linux System Administration Handbook (chapter 22):
In 1996, a version called the Common Internet File System (CIFS) was released by Microsoft, mostly as a marketing exercise. Sun Microsystems had also entered the fray in 1996 with its WebNFS offering, and Microsoft saw an opportunity to market SMB with a more user-friendly implementation and name. CIFS introduced (often-buggy) changes to the original SMB protocol. As a result, Microsoft released SMB 2.0 in 2006 and then SMB 3.0 in 2012. Although it’s common within the industry to refer to SMB fileshares as CIFS, the truth is that CIFS was deprecated long ago; only SMB lives on.
What if you disconnect the share without unmounting?
umount -l /home/const/mnt/stash
How to debug? I don’t really know. Try
sudo mount -a.